SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND OTHER FEATURES OF CRIMINALIZATION OF ENCROACHMENTS ON OBJECTS OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS

Keywords: criminalization, criminal law protection, objects of intellectual property rights, social necessity, encroachments, intellectual property

Abstract

The article analyzes and proves the existence of public need for criminal law protection of objects of intellectual property rights. According to the special importance of intellectual property, which is based directly on its social value (significance) and is associated with the satisfaction of the mental, cultural, economic and other needs of society, it is proved that full and effective legal protection of the rights, freedoms and interests of the subjects of intellectual property rights is possibly solely through measures of criminal law influence. The fact that the economic and social value of intellectual property forms the intellectual capital of the country and society is extremely important. It needs state support, and in the absence of it - undergoes qualitative changes that cause the fall of all spheres of the economy, an increase in unemployment, backwardness of technologies etc. Thus, it has been established that the factors that predetermined the social necessity to criminalize encroachments on objects of intellectual property rights include the following: a) the economic and social value of intellectual property that forms the intellectual capital of the country and society; b) informational nature and ethical essence of intellectual property, allowing to consider it as one of the fundamental values ​​of society; c) the public danger of these encroachments; d) the criminal law provisions concerning violation of the right of intellectual property are a guarantee of protection of constitutional rights and interests of the person; e) international legal obligations of Ukraine affect the introduction of standards for the legal protection of intellectual property rights, including criminal law protection. Thus, the author concludes that the criminalization of encroachments on objects of intellectual property right is justified and meets the interests of society and the state.

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Author Biography

Oksana Korotiuk, Dnipropetrovsk State University Interior

doctoral student of the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology

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Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
Korotiuk, O. (2019). SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND OTHER FEATURES OF CRIMINALIZATION OF ENCROACHMENTS ON OBJECTS OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS. European Cooperation, 3(43), 55-67. https://doi.org/10.32070/ec.v3i43.53