THE PRINCIPLE OF LEGALITY IN THE CRIMINAL LAW OF UKRAINE AND THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF CERTAIN NORMS ON ECONOMIC CRIMINAL OFFENSES)

  • Pavlo Berzin Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • Ruslan Volynets Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • Anzhela Berzina Bogomolets National Medical University https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9885-309X
Keywords: the Сriminal Сode of the Federal Republic of Germany, the principle of legality in criminal law, analogy of the law, retroactive effect of the criminal law, gaps in criminal law, conflicts in criminal law

Abstract

The article states that today in Ukraine, the principle of legality in criminal law is directly related to criminal law regulation and its mechanism, influencing its "work" in the regimes of violation and observance of criminal law prohibitions. Some of these features do not have a clear understanding in the criminal law of Ukraine. You can find out some of these features by referring to the relevant provisions of the German criminal law.

It is noted that when determining the criminal-legal content of the principle of legality, one should take into account the normative guidelines enshrined in the Constitution, acts of criminal, criminal procedural, etc. legislation.

The authors of the article conduct a consistent analysis of the provisions of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Criminal Code of the Federal Republic of Germany with the aim of clarifying the relevant provisions of the criminal law of the Federal Republic of Germany on the content, structure and application of the principle of legality in order to explain the specific features of the "components" of this principle and its "work" in the criminal law of Ukraine.

The article discloses general and special legal provisions relating to the content and structure of the principle of legality in criminal law, as well as to define the structure and "components" of this principle.

Attention is drawn to the fact that the specified understanding of the principle of legality (its components), which is based on the norms of the Constitution, the Criminal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure, etc. legislative acts, allows you to determine the specifics of the application of this principle in criminal law.

It is noted that the regulatory guidelines for the researched issue are "presented" primarily in Art. 103 par. 2 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany and § 1 of the Criminal Code of the Federal Republic of Germany. Thanks to the "work" of this principle, the so-called "guarantee function of criminal law" is ensured in the criminal law of the Federal Republic of Germany.

The structural elements of the principle of legality are defined, which directly affect the "work" of this principle in criminal law. Points of consideration of the principle of legality are determined when comparing the sources of criminal law.

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Author Biographies

Pavlo Berzin, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Professor at the Department of criminal law policy and criminal law

Ruslan Volynets, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Professor at the Department of criminal law policy and criminal law,

Anzhela Berzina , Bogomolets National Medical University

Senior lecturer at the Department of Forensic Medicine and Medical Law

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Published
2022-09-14
How to Cite
Berzin, P., Volynets, R., & Berzina , A. (2022). THE PRINCIPLE OF LEGALITY IN THE CRIMINAL LAW OF UKRAINE AND THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF CERTAIN NORMS ON ECONOMIC CRIMINAL OFFENSES). European Cooperation, 1(53), 43-53. https://doi.org/10.32070/ec.v1i53.132