DIRECTIONS OF ACCOUNTING AND ANALYTICAL PROVISION FOR THE INVESTMENT IN INNOVATIONS OF FOOD INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES

Keywords: innovation, capital investment, innovation costs, innovation process

Abstract

Nowadays, innovation activity is becoming the most important factor of economic development. The scale and effectiveness of innovation are the major contributing items, which determine the level of socio-economic development of the country and its national security. The large-scale and multi-vector changes of recent decades have transformed a significant part of the world's socio-economic processes. The speed of change has significantly accelerated, and competitiveness is increasingly determined by innovations. There is a need to study the innovative component of investment. Ukraine faces objectively necessary investment processes for transition to an innovative model of development. Taking into account these trends, the question about the theoretical coverage of the main approaches and the display of information on the costs of innovation of enterprises in Ukraine, adhering to national and international accounting standards, becomes of particular urgency. Thus, the author considers the accounting and analytical support issues of innovative activity of enterprises of the processing industry, in particular, the food industry of Ukraine. A thorough analysis of approaches to the interpretation of the definition of "innovation" has been conducted. Component analysis of national and international statistical indicators of Ukraine's innovation potential has been carried out. The dynamics of the introduction of innovations in industrial enterprises by types of activities and directions of innovations is presented. The features of cost accounting for innovations in processing enterprises (on the example of enterprises of the food industry) were investigated and accounting approaches were adopted for ensuring the costs of innovations and R & D taking into account the accounting standards and international financial reporting standards. Specific objects of accounting, accounts of synthetic and analytical accounting are outlined. The author has proved that the use of the proposed approaches to accounting for investment in innovations requires additional regulation both at the state level and at the enterprise level. The measures for improving the accounting of investments in innovations of the enterprises of the processing industry are proposed, and the creation of a unified method of accounting for the costs of innovations is proposed.

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Author Biographies

Nina Dorosh, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Associate Professor of the Department of Accounting and Audit

Alina Snetkova, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

PhD student, Department of Accounting and Audit

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Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
Dorosh, N., & Snetkova, A. (2019). DIRECTIONS OF ACCOUNTING AND ANALYTICAL PROVISION FOR THE INVESTMENT IN INNOVATIONS OF FOOD INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES. European Cooperation, 3(43), 36-54. https://doi.org/10.32070/ec.v3i43.52